On this topic page, you can find the IAPP’s collection of coverage, analysis and resources related to privacy in Canada.

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Featured Resources

Privacy Around the Globe: Canada

This LinkedIn Live takes a close look at the changing privacy landscape in Canada, as IAPP Vice President and Chief Knowledge Officer Caitlin Fennessy, CIPP/US, talks with Dentons Global Privacy and Cybersecurity Group co-Chair Chantal Bernier.
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How Canada’s CCPA differs from PIPEDA

This article analyzes how the proposed Bill C-27 legislation is a “significant” but “unclear” change from the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act because the CCPA adds three legal concepts for personal information.
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Canadian Privacy, Fourth Edition

The fourth edition of Canadian Privacy: Data Protection Law and Policy for the Practitioner serves as the principle reference for CIPP/C candidates and Canadian privacy professionals.
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Latest News and Resources

A look at Canada's new federal privacy legislation, Bill C-27

Last week, while privacy professionals in Canada were still contemplating Bill C-26 on cybersecurity, the much-anticipated Digital Charter Implementation Act, 2022 — Bill C-27 — was introduced by the federal government. It is a reintroduction and, some may agree, an improvement of Bill C-11, first introduced in 2020 and failed on the order paper as a result of the federal election in 2021. The new statutory framework in Bill C-27 governs private sector personal information protection practices ... Read More

Parting thoughts: A Canadian privacy one-on-one with Daniel Therrien

Canada's federal privacy regime is on the cusp of an overhaul with the recent introduction of Bill C-27, an omnibus legislative package for data protection and artificial intelligence. Many have called for this reform in recent years to address growing privacy issues. Former Privacy Commissioner of Canada Daniel Therrien was one who saw the need and strongly advocated for change during the final years of his eight-year term. Therrien completed his tenure as commissioner June 3, spending some ti... Read More

A deep dive into Canadians' privacy concerns

On June 15, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada released the results of the “2020-21 Survey of Canadians on Privacy-Related Issues.” Between November and December 2020, a 14-minute random digit dialing telephone survey was administered to 1,502 Canadian residents 16 years or older. The goal of the research was to better understand the extent to which Canadians were aware, understood and perceived privacy-related issues. In the report, the results were expressed as a percentage. Kno... Read More

Tim Hortons app investigation highlights ‘urgent need’ for ‘stronger privacy laws’
(IAPP, June 2022)
Canada introduces new federal privacy and AI legislation
(IAPP, June 2022)
Therrien says ‘uncertainty’ clouds Canadian privacy, urges thoughtful reform
(IAPP, May 2022)
Report: Canadians unaware of how their data is collected, used
(IAPP, May 2022)
OPC publishes report examining strategic privacy priorities
(IAPP, May 2022)
Canadian privacy authorities sign agreement to enhance collaboration
(IAPP, May 2022)
OPC releases 2022-2023 departmental plan
(IAPP, March 2022)
Saskatchewan IPC publishes information management guide
(IAPP, March 2022)
PwC — Canadian Digital Trust Insights Survey
(PwC, December 2021)
Algorithmic Awareness: Conversations with young Canadians about Artificial Intelligence and Privacy
(MediaSmarts, December 2021)
Quebec’s Bill 64: The first of many privacy modernization bills in Canada?
(IAPP, November 2021)
‘Canada’s political parties regulate themselves’ when it comes to data
(OIPC, September 2021)
Web Conference: Quebec Privacy Law Reform: What Businesses Need to Know
(IAPP, June 2021)
What you need to know about mandatory reporting of breaches of security safeguards (Canada)
(Privacy Commissioner of Canada, August 2021)
Facial recognition pilot caught millions of travelers at Toronto airport
(IAPP, July 2021)
OIPC publishes review of private liquor, cannabis retailers
(IAPP, June 2021)
OPC survey finds 87% of Canadians concerned about their privacy
(IAPP, June 2021)
OPC: Royal Canadian Mounted Police use of Clearview AI violates Privacy Act
(IAPP, June 2021)
On the virtual Symposium stage, Therrien keeps his eyes toward the future
(IAPP, May 2021)
Does the recent fine for a Canadian website without an EU representative signal a change in GDPR enforcement priorities?
(IAPP, May 2021)
2020-21 Survey of Canadians on Privacy
(OPC, May 2021)
CIRA Report: 2021 Canadians Deserve a Better Internet
(Canadian Internet Registration Authority, May 2021)
Canada moves toward vaccine passport rollout
(IAPP, May 2021)
British Columbia’s RCMP breaks own facial recognition rules
(IAPP, April 2021)
Canadians grow wary of employee-monitoring tactics
(IAPP, April 2021)
OPC breaks down privacy-enhancing technologies
(IAPP, April 2021)
Potential hard line drawn on Canadian privacy class action
(IAPP, April 2021)
Op-ed: Remote learning brings privacy pitfalls for Canadian students
(IAPP, April 2021)
OIPC calls for ‘urgent reform’ of PIPA
(IAPP, February 2021)
What Canada can learn from California, EU regulations
(IAPP, February 2021)
Canadian authorities determine facial recognition firm violated privacy laws
(IAPP, February 2021)
Canadian data-mining, ransomware schemes revealed
(IAPP, January 2021)
What EDPB transfer guidance means for Canada
(IAPP, December 2020)
The rise of co-regulation, from GDPR to Canada’s Bill C-11
(IAPP, December 2020)
Web Conference: Federal Privacy Reform in Canada: The Consumer Privacy Protection Act
(IAPP, December 2020)
‘Schrems II’ déjà vu: What new EDPB guidance means for Canadian businesses
(IAPP, December 2020)
OPC — Privacy Guide for Businesses
(OPC, November 2020)
Federal privacy reform in Canada: The Consumer Privacy Protection Act
(IAPP, November 2020)
Big fines included in Canada’s newly proposed national privacy bill
(IAPP, November 2020)
OIPC — Securing personal information: A self-assessment tool for public bodies and organizations
(OIPC, October 2020)
In annual report, Therrien makes familiar call for legislative reform
(IAPP, October 2020)
OPC Privacy Guide for Businesses: What Canadian businesses need to know to comply with federal privacy law
(OPC, October 2020)
A Comparison of Canada’s Private-Sector Privacy Legislation
(FIPA, August 2020)
OPC — Breach video series for your business
(OPC, September 2020)
Privacy and Smart Cities: A Canadian Survey
(Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada, February 2020)
MediaSmarts — Young Canadians speak out: A qualitative research project on privacy and consent
(Media Smarts, August 2020)
OPC: Privacy guidance for manufacturers of Internet of Things devices
(OPC, August 2020)
‘Schrems II’: Impact on Data Flows with Canada
(IAPP, August 2020)
PIPEDA rights for consumers
(Termageddon, July 2020)
Canada’s Supreme Court upholds Genetic Non-Discrimination Act
(IAPP, July 2020)
A quick comparative survey of Quebec’s proposed privacy legislation
(IAPP, June 2020)
LinkedIn Live: The Inaugural Ian Kerr Memorial Lecture
(IAPP, May 2020)
How Facebook’s settlement with Canada’s Competition Bureau may impact OPC’s recommendations
(IAPP, May 2020)
Canada: Mitigating Privacy Risks For Teleworkers
(Pallett Valo LLP, March 2020)
Canadian police agencies grapple with facial recognition use
(IAPP, February 2020)
Canadian Legal and Policy Analysis of Using, Developing, and Selling Smartphone Spyware and Stalkerware Applications
(The Citizen Lab, Munk School and University of Toronto, February 202)
Critical Cybersecurity Compliance Issues for Canadian and U.S. Companies Operating across the Border
(Business Law Today, July 2019)
Is Canada’s proposed consent requirement for cross-border transfers worth the risk?
(IAPP, June 2019)
Therrien speaks on Digital Charter, trans-border data flow consultation at CPS19
(IAPP, May 2019)
GDPR and Canadian organizations: Addressing key challenges
(Deloitte, May 2019)
GDPR Compliance for Canadian Organizations
(Miller Thomson, May 2019)
Privacy and cybersecurity during COVID-19 — Tips for Canadian organizations
(Miller Thomson, February 2019)
The Evolution of Canada’s Data Broker Industry
(IAPP, February 2020)
A ‘reasonable’ discussion about PIAs in Canada
(IAPP, December 2019)
OPC, OIPC find AIQ violated federal, provincial privacy laws
(IAPP, November 2019)
Working with Canadian regulators requires communications, transparency
(IAPP, June 2019)
Smart City Privacy in Canada
(CIPPIC and the Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada, August 2019)
OPC, OIPC find Facebook violated Canadian privacy laws
(IAPP, April 2019)
PwC Canada rolls out IAPP training
(IAPP, January 2019)
How to operate under Canada’s new breach notification landscape
(IAPP, May 2019)
Web Conference: Canada’s Data Breach Notification Law Update
(IAPP, December 2018)
White Paper – Getting Started with Privacy in Canada
(IAPP, June 2018)
IAPP Canada OPC Final Report
(IAPP, April 2010)
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Canadian Privacy Law and Documents

Federal privacy reform in Canada: The Consumer Privacy Protection Act

The federal minority government released draft legislation to update and modernize Canada’s federal private sector privacy legislation. The present law, the Personal Information and Electronic Documents Act, was initially passed in 2001 and fully came into effect in 2004. We will not go into a detailed explanation of Canada’s federal division of powers or the application of PIPEDA but will instead focus on the proposed changes. It is important to remember that a key goal of PIPEDA was to allow ... Read More

Regional Resources

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Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Saskawatchen, Yukon

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