A call to update ethics review processes

(Jun 11, 2019) Data has become an imperative component of business, from operational decision-making to artificial intelligence product development. However, amid ethics scandals and near-constant privacy concerns, corporations and researchers are questioning long-accepted data harvesting and research practices. “The reason we think the ethical review process is critical is there’s a wide range of testing and collecting that’s falling in the gap,” Future of Privacy Forum CEO Jules Polonetsky said. Meanwhile, a... Read More

Using big data to fight human trafficking

(Jun 11, 2019) Working with the Polaris Project, Enigma is trying to combat human trafficking through the Stand Together Against Trafficking project, PC Magazine reports. Enigma Co-Founder and CEO Hicham Oudghiri discussed the efforts with PC Magazine during a recent conference in New York City. According to a Forbes article from earlier this year, "To date, Enigma has synthesized 100,000 data sets in more than 100 countries, organized intelligence on 30 million small businesses and accumulated 140 billion poi... Read More

Could the classroom help solve tech industry’s ethics problem?

(Jun 3, 2019) Many tech companies are working with a variety of ethics issues, ranging from the use of facial recognition to various content moderation issues. While these steps are promising, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Philosophy Professor Abby Everett Jaques believes more needs to be done, so she created a new class, Ethics of Technology, NPR reports. The class is designed to stress the importance of ethics to future computer scientists and engineers and is already having an impact on students by... Read More

Perspective: Public shaming and privacy in smart cities

(Jun 3, 2019) Toronto has become one of the leading cities in the world for instituting a smart-city infrastructure. Though the Sidewalk Labs project isn't without controversy, smart cities are on the rise. So how do they mesh with privacy? "An ad campaign [recently] released by the Toronto Transit Commission publicly distributes embarrassing surveillance tapes to deter fare evasion," University of Ottawa Juris Doctor Candidate Emilie Scott, CIPP/C, points out, adding, "In light of this, we should be question... Read More

Ethical concerns over 'data for good' humanitarian projects on the rise

(May 30, 2019) Nature reports that scientists using phone call records toward humanitarian efforts are under scrutiny regarding the ethical use of data in their research. The "data for good" projects have been ongoing in more than two dozen low- to middle-income countries, including Bangladesh, Kenya and Pakistan. The projects analyze phone records to create positive outcomes, such as delivering aid and discovering exact locations of poverty, social isolation and violence. While the projects are receiving heav... Read More

Report calls for AI legislation in Canada

(May 24, 2019) A report from Deloitte Canada is calling for laws to address issues raised by the use of artificial intelligence. Key areas of concern focus on the use of AI in law enforcement, including the use of predictive policing by police departments, as well as the government’s use of algorithmically driven data to determine if an individual poses a “risk” to the community. The latter of which has been found to violate human rights law by Citizen Lab, the Financial Post reports. “We need the government, ... Read More

42 countries sign off on OECD's new Principles on Artificial Intelligence

(May 23, 2019) The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development has released its Principles on Artificial Intelligence, a set of intergovernmental guidelines that has been recognized by 42 countries. The OECD designed the principles to "uphold international standards that aim to ensure AI systems are designed to be robust, safe, fair and trustworthy." Backed by the European Commission, the OECD produced five principles for proper deployment of AI and five recommendations for both public and internati... Read More

Canada announces Digital Charter, seeks to reform privacy and competition rules

(May 22, 2019) Canadian Innovation Minister Navdeep Bains has unveiled a Digital Charter with principles geared toward reforming the country's privacy and competition legislation, Canada's National Observer reports. The principles are billed as measures to rebuild "a foundation of trust" that connects Canadians and the digital world. Whether or not the principles can be turned around and made into laws prior to October elections is unclear, but going against these principles will be costly, according to Bains.... Read More

Machine learning era in cybersecurity: A step toward a safer world or the brink of chaos?

(May 20, 2019) This document from ESET seeks to describe the hype that machine-learning technology has caused in various fields and how it influences business decision makers. It also outlines cyberattacksobserved in the wild that show strong indications of ML use. Last but not least, they demonstrate their approach to machine learning and its application in ESET’s current products. Click To View (PDF)... Read More