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Privacy Perspectives | Two Years On—Has the EU Cookie Directive’s Time Finally Come? Related reading: Finland DPA fines taxi company 72K euros


Two years ago this week, I attended my first IAPP conference and the first-ever Data Protection Intensive.

The rain lashed down in London all week and from Christopher Graham’s keynote to the Exhibition Hall the talk was of nothing but cookies. Enforcement of the EU Cookie Directive in the UK was exactly one month away (26 May 2012) and "explicit consent" was still very much on the table. None of us had ever heard of Edward Snowden; few were familiar with the NSA, and the thought of a play called PRIVACY opening in the West End would have seemed extraordinary (in fact the last one still does!).

It is interesting now to revisit the intensity of those discussions and the genuine concern as businesses worried about how to comply with the Directive whilst not bringing their entire website functionality to a grinding halt. Once the UK Information Commissioner's Office (ICO) published its revised advice on the eve of the Directive coming into force, the market started to settle and adopted a range of solutions from robust opt-out platforms to a pop-up tickboxor just doing nothing and hoping to escape under the radar.

A TRUSTe research study of 231 top UK consumer websites carried out in July/August 2012 found that 63 percent had taken some action to comply with the Cookie Directive of which just 12 percent had implemented robust cookie control mechanisms. For the companies that were early adopters, separate analysis found they were seeing very low levels of opt-out and so could be confident that they could be compliant without losing customers and could build trust with their customers by giving them both notice of the tracking activity and the ability to easily make an informed choice about their tracking preference.

By the end of 2012 the media headlines had died down and a different form of commentary emerged to a point where the EU Cookie Directive is often quoted as an example of "bad" legislation.

Two years on, there were no sessions on cookies at this year’s Intensive, and my Google alerts for “cookie directive” bring close to zero results to my inbox. Yet at TRUSTe we have seen just as many global companies adopt our comprehensive cookie management solution in the first quarter of this year as in any other quarter of the last two years. This week we have introduced a series of new product enhancements to our cookie management solution (TRUSTed Consent Manager) to meet the growing requests for more sophisticated controls from enterprise clients.

With enforcement activity so far amounting to little more than notices from regulators and some limited fines in Spain, we were curious why companies were actually increasing their investment in this area? I offer three potential reasons:

1) Privacy is increasingly seen as a market differentiator, particularly for global and U.S. businesses keen to earn trust in the European market in the context of Snowden and Safe Harbor.

2) Some global businesses see the EU Cookie Directive as a way to get ahead of the compliance curve with the proposed EU Data Protection Regulation on the horizon.

3) Perhaps we are seeing the maturation of the market—the end of the "wait-and-see" approach as businesses feel confident they can comply and build trust without concerns over losing customers

The UK ICO was clear from the start that it wanted to achieve adoption through education and industry collaboration rather than draconian fines and extensive enforcement action. So if this third option is really the case, then apparently all it took was some regulatory patience to raise industry and consumer awareness and achieve a significant behaviour change.

As we embrace the new privacy challenges of the Internet of Things and global data flows, there are many lessons we can learn from the EU Cookie Directive.


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  • comment Kevin • May 8, 2014
    Great article, Eleanor!
  • comment Richard Beaumont • May 13, 2014
    I agree with Eleanor that although the hype and hyperbole have died down, website owners continue to seek out compliance services.  At the Cookie Collective we also see healthy interest in our offerings.
    In addition what we have seen is that the 'snake-oil' opportunists have moved on, and the remaining providers are those that provide measured advice and continued investment.