iHealthBeat reports that only two state attorneys general have used the powers given to them by Congress to enforce the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Since the government bestowed enforcement powers to attorney generals in 2009 through the economic stimulus package, former Connecticut AG Richard Blumenthal and Vermont AG William Sorrell are the only ones to have taken action. Some experts say that high rates of HIPAA compliance, limited budget resources and AG's choosing to prosecute under state rather than federal laws may be contributing to the lack of action. Meanwhile, Health and Human Services reports that patient data breaches more than doubled from 2009 to 2010.
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