Several high-ranking Federal Trade Commission (FTC) officials expressed concern last week at the IAPP Global Privacy Summit that a recent move by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) could undermine some of the FTC’s enforcement authority.
At issue is a recent and historic order by the FCC to reclassify broadband providers as public utilities, which effectively removes that entire Internet service provider (ISP) industry segment from the FTC’s enforcement authority. The FTC has enforcement authority over the entire consumer marketplace with the exception of “common carriers” or companies treated like public utilities.
“We welcome the FCC’s interest in privacy,” explained FTC Bureau of Consumer Protection Director Jessica Rich in a conversation with IAPP VP of Research and Education Omer Tene. “There’s a lot going on in this area and a long history of cooperation with them ... They have done things fairly consistently with what we do in privacy.”
However, Rich said, the FTC is concerned about its jurisdiction over broadband providers, noting the commission would “like a repeal of the common carrier exemption.”
“It’s out of date,” she added.
FTC Chairwoman Edith Ramirez expressed similar sentiment during the Conversations in Privacy session with former Network Advertising Initiative President and CEO Marc Groman, CIPP/US.
“I do feel that the exemption is a provision that is antiquated," Ramirez said. "I’m personally urging Congress and the FTC to move to eliminate the common carrier exemption so we can apply consistent standards across the board.”
During another session with a panel of global data protection authorities, FCC Director of Enforcement Travis LeBlanc said his agency is actively engaged with consumer protection in relation to privacy and that it’s eager to work with a large swath of enforcement agencies. Noting that the FCC recently joined the Global Privacy Enforcement Network, LeBlanc said there will be more cooperation between the FCC and the FTC as well as with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and state attorneys general.
Sitting next to LeBlanc, FTC Commissioner Maureen Ohlhausen once again expressed concern that the common carrier exemption puts the FTC’s enforcement authority in this space at risk. Yet, in boasting about his agency’s authority, LeBlanc explained that the FCC actually has rule-making authority, an authority long sought after by the FTC.
In a National Journal report, New America Foundation’s Open Technology Institute Senior Policy Advisor Laura Moy agreed with LeBlanc, saying the switch in authority could mean stronger privacy protections for consumers and noting the FCC possesses “some of the strongest federal privacy protections that we have on the books.”
Some are concerned the FCC could move to expand its regulatory authority on consumer privacy too much. TechFreedom Executive Director Berin Szoka predicted in the National Journal piece that the FCC will soon attempt to regulate beyond ISPs all the way down to actual websites. He also said the move will produce “years of uncertainty” for companies “and litigation.”
Fearful predictions aside, however, the turf battle between the federal agencies may not come to much. Yesterday, former advisor to Chairwoman Ramirez and current PerkinsCoie Partner Janis Kestenbaum tweeted, “The press loves a sibling fight but not sure ground for a real turf battle here. How many FTC cases against ISPs?”
For an answer to that, you might want to search the FTC Casebook. A quick interrogation doesn't find any of the major carriers, but we might have to get into a discussion of how "Internet service provider" is defined to fully answer Kestenbaum's question.
But the larger question remains: Will the FTC get back its power to regulate ISPs, or will it remain the exclusive domain of the FCC?
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