- The Court of Justice of the European Union rendered a decision in a case regarding consumer rights to compensation with violations of the EU General Data Protection Regulation. The court decided compensation is determined by a three-condition standard, notably explaining "not every infringement of the GDPR gives rise, by itself, to a right to compensation." The CJEU also ruled compensation is not capped by the severity of nonmaterial damages and national courts will make their own decisions on damage assessment.
- The CJEU also ruled that a data subject's right to obtain a copy of their personal data means they must be given "a faithful and intelligible reproduction" of all data. "That right entails the right to obtain copies of extracts from documents or even entire documents or extracts from databases which contain those data, if that is essential in order to enable the data subject to exercise effectively the rights conferred on him or her by the GDPR," the CJEU said.
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