India's 2010 national census is now underway as the government attempts to count the nation's one billion people and gather data on everything from fertility, literacy and mortality to the number of mobile phones and Internet connections in households, The Times reports. Ultimately, the census will help build India's National Population Register, a biometric database that includes photographs and fingerprints of every "usual resident" over the age of 15, the report states. The goal is to create a national identity card for everyone over 18, and the plan is raising concerns about the privacy implications. Usha Ramanathan writes in an op-ed for The Hindu that the ID database "will act as a bridge between silos of information that will help profile the individual."
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